CIB Review 4Q23/FY23

Capital Markets

The banks’ aggregate FY23 revenue topped $195bn, slightly below the prior-year period, mostly due to underperformance by EMEA banks. On a full-year basis, Banking outperformed, partly due to Europeans’ strong DCM fees; in Markets, credit and prime services were the only areas that achieved significant growth.

Banks maintained a strict cost discipline, especially with regards to their year-end bonus pools, which were reserved for top performers even more than was the case in 2022. However, investment in technology – and, in most cases, geographical and/or operational expansion – continued apace, contributing to 5% y/y growth in operating costs. The combined FY23 pre-tax profit of banks in this report totaled $65bn, 13% down y/y.

Commercial Banking & Treasury Services

The 10% growth in 4Q23 corporate banking revenue capped a strong 2023. Net interest income was the main driver of revenue; also, several banks benefited from lower hedging costs and lower fair value losses on leveraged finance lending. Operating costs also rose, but at a slightly slower rate, leading to 15% y/y growth in FY23 profits. Several banks are hiring in the Middle East. The non-performing loans are not a major concern – yet.

Treasury services revenue reached $26bn in 4Q23; higher deposit margins in the high-rate environment were a major driver of revenue. FY23 revenue totaled $96bn, 33% ahead of FY22. Building on the success in middle markets in their home territory, US majors are planning to expand in Europe.

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